'\ K'在這個正則表達式中意味着什么?

[英]What does '\K' mean in this regex?


Given the following shell script, would someone be so kind as to explain the grep -Po regex please?

鑒於以下shell腳本,有人會非常友好地解釋grep -Po正則表達式嗎?

#!/bin/bash
# Issue the request for a bearer token, json is returned
raw_json=`curl -s -X POST -d "username=name&password=secret&client_id=security-admin-console" http://localhost:8081/auth/realms/master/tokens/grants/access`
# Strip away all but the "access_token" field's value using a Python regular expression
bearerToken=`echo $raw_json | grep -Po '"'"access_token"'"\s*:\s*"\K([^"]*)'`
echo "The bearer token is:"
echo $bearerToken

So specifically, I'm interested in understanding the parts of the regex

具體來說,我有興趣了解正則表達式的各個部分

grep -Po '"'"access_token"'"\s*:\s*"\K([^"]*)'`

and how it works. Why so many quotes? What is the "K" for? I've some experience with grep regex but this confuses me.

以及它是如何工作的。為什么這么多報價呢?什么是“K”?我對grep正則表達式有一些經驗,但這讓我很困惑。

This is the actual output of the curl command and the shell script (grep) works as desired returning just the contents of the "access_token" value.

這是curl命令的實際輸出,shell腳本(grep)按需運行,只返回“access_token”值的內容。

{"access_token":"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.fQmQKn-xatvflHPAaxCfrrVow3ynpw0sREho7__jZo2d0g1SwZV7Lf4C26CcweNLlb3wmKHHo63HRz35qRxJ7BXyiZwHgXokvDJj13yuOb6Sirg9z02n6fwGy8Iog30pUvffnDaVnUWHfVL-h_R4-OZNf-_YUK5RcL2DHt0zUXI","expires_in":60,"refresh_expires_in":1800,"refresh_token":"eyJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiJ9.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.WeiJOC1jQ52aKgnW8UN2Lv9rJ_yKZiOhijOYKLN2EEOkYF8rvRZsSKbTPFKTIUvjnwy2A7V_N-GhhJH4C-T7F5__QPNofSXbCNyvATj52jGLxk9V0Afvk-Z5QAWi55PJRTC0qteeMRcO2Frw-0KtKYe9o3UcGICJubxhZHsXBLA","token_type":"bearer","id_token":"eyJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiJ9.eyJuYW1lIjoiIiwianRpIjoiMGIyMGI0ODctOTI4OS00YTFhLTgyNmMtM2NiOTg0MDJkMzVkIiwiZXhwIjoxNDQ2ODI4MDU5LCJuYmYiOjAsImlhdCI6MTQ0NjgyNzk5OIwouldhaveToBeNutsUiLCJwcmVmZXJyZWRfdXNlcm5hbWUiOiJhZG1pbiIsImVtYWlsX3ZlcmlmaWVkIjpmYWxzZX0.DmG8Lm4niL1djzNrLsZ2CrsB1ZzUPnR2Nm7IZnrwrmkXsrPxjl6pyXKCWSj6pbk2sgVI8NNFqrGIJmEJ7gkTZWm328VGGpJsmMuJBki0KbqBRKORGQSgkas_34rwzhcTE3Iki8h_YVs2vvNIx_eZSOvIzyEcP3IGHuBoxcR6W3E","not-before-policy":0,"session-state":"62efc05c-1bf5-4f55-b749-5e0eff94155b"}

{ “的access_token”: “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.fQmQKn-xatvflHPAaxCfrrVow3ynpw0sREho7__jZo2d0g1SwZV7Lf4C26CcweNLlb3wmKHHo63HRz35qRxJ7BXyiZwHgXokvDJj13yuOb6Sirg9z02n6fwGy8Iog30pUvffnDaVnUWHfVL-h_R4-OZNf-_YUK5RcL2DHt0zUXI”, “expires_in”:60, “refresh_expires_in”:1800, “refresh_token”:“eyJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiJ9.eyJqdGkiOiJlNWFmYTZiOC04ZjM5LTQ5MjUtOWZiMC00MmY3MTM4YzUzMGIiLCJleHAiOjE0NDY4Mjk3OTksIm5iZiI6MCwAreYouKiddingIwouldnotputSOmethigRealHereNpb25fc3RhdGUiOiI2MmVmYzA1Yy0xYmY1LTRmNTUtYjc0OS01ZTBlZmY5NDE1NWIiLCJ 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.WeiJOC1jQ52aKgnW8UN2Lv9rJ_yKZiOhijOYKLN2EEOkYF8rvRZsSKbTPFKTIUvjnwy2A7V_N-GhhJH4C-T7F5__QPNofSXbCNyvATj52jGLxk9V0Afvk-Z5QAWi55PJRTC0qteeMRcO2Frw-0KtKYe9o3UcGICJubxhZHsXBLA “ ”token_type“: ”承載“, ”id_token“:” eyJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiJ9.eyJuYW1lIjoiIiwianRpIjoiMGIyMGI0ODctOTI4OS00YTFhLTgyNmMtM2NiOTg0MDJkMzVkIiwiZXhwIjoxNDQ2ODI4MDU5LCJuYmYiOjAsImlhdCI6MTQ0NjgyNzk5OIwouldhaveToBeNutsUiLCJwcmVmZXJyZWRfdXNlcm5hbWUiOiJhZG1 pbiIsImVtYWlsX3ZlcmlmaWVkIjpmYWxzZX0.DmG8Lm4niL1djzNrLsZ2CrsB1ZzUPnR2Nm7IZnrwrmkXsrPxjl6pyXKCWSj6pbk2sgVI8NNFqrGIJmEJ7gkTZWm328VGGpJsmMuJBki0KbqBRKORGQSgkas_34rwzhcTE3Iki8h_YVs2vvNIx_eZSOvIzyEcP3IGHuBoxcR6W3E”, “不先於政策”:0, “會話狀態”: “62efc05c-1bf5-4f55-b749-5e0eff94155b”}


In case anyone finds this post, this is what I ended up using:

如果有人發現這篇文章,這就是我最終使用的內容:

if hash jq 2>/dev/null; then
  # Use the jq command to safely parse json
  bearerToken=$(echo $raw_json | jq -r '.access_token')
else
  # Strip away all but the "access_token" field's value using a perl regular expression
  bearerToken=$(echo $raw_json | grep -Po '"'"access_token"'"\s*:\s*"\K([^"]*)')
fi

1 个解决方案

#1


31  

Since not all regex flavors support lookbehind, Perl introduced the \K. In general when you have:

由於並非所有正則表達式都支持lookbehind,Perl引入了\ K.一般來說,當你有:

a\Kb

When “b” is matched, \K tells the engine to pretend that the match attempt started at this position.

當“b”匹配時,\ K告訴引擎假裝匹配嘗試在此位置開始。

In your example, you want to pretend that the match attempt started at what appears after the ""access_token":" text.

在您的示例中,您希望假裝匹配嘗試在“”access_token“:”文本之后出現的內容開始。

This example will better demonstrate the \K usage:

這個例子將更好地展示\ K用法:

~$ echo 'hello world' | grep -oP 'hello \K(world)'
world
~$ echo 'hello world' | grep -oP 'hello (world)'
hello world

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