SpringMvc 全局異常處理器定義,友好的返回后端錯誤信息


  1 package cn.com.servyou.gxdqy.exceptions;  5 import com.google.common.collect.Maps;
  6 import org.apache.log4j.Logger;
  7 import org.springframework.beans.ConversionNotSupportedException;
  8 import org.springframework.beans.TypeMismatchException;
  9 import org.springframework.http.converter.HttpMessageNotReadableException;
 10 import org.springframework.http.converter.HttpMessageNotWritableException;
 11 import org.springframework.web.HttpMediaTypeNotAcceptableException;
 12 import org.springframework.web.HttpRequestMethodNotSupportedException;
 13 import org.springframework.web.bind.MissingServletRequestParameterException;
 14 import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ControllerAdvice;
 15 import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ExceptionHandler;
 16 import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;
 17 
 18 import java.io.IOException;
 19 import java.util.Map;
 20 
 21 /**
 22  * @author : hao
 23  * @project : daieweb
 24  * @description :
 25  * @time : 2018/5/30 18:25
 26  */
 27 @ControllerAdvice
 28 public class WebExceptionHandler {
 29 
 30     private static Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(WebExceptionHandler.class);
 31 
 32 
 33     private static Map<String, String> messageMap = Maps.newHashMap();
 34 
 35     static {
 36 
 37         messageMap.put("runtimeException", "運行時異常");
 38         messageMap.put("nullPointerException", "空指針異常");
 39         messageMap.put("classCastException", "類型轉換異常");
 40         messageMap.put("iOException", "IO異常");
 41         messageMap.put("noSuchMethodException", "未知方法異常");
 42         messageMap.put("indexOutOfBoundsException", "數組越界異常");
 43         messageMap.put("httpMessageNotReadableException", "參數格式錯誤或沒有無參構造器");
 44         messageMap.put("typeMismatchException", "參數類型異常");
 45         messageMap.put("missingServletRequestParameterException", "缺少參數異常");
 46         messageMap.put("httpRequestMethodNotSupportedException", "請求類型異常");
 47         messageMap.put("httpMediaTypeNotAcceptableException", "請求后綴異常或MediaType前后不匹配");
 48         messageMap.put("conversionNotSupportedException", "類型注入可能非接口異常");
 49         messageMap.put("httpMessageNotWritableException", "結果轉換異常可能存在bean屬性為空");
 50     }
 51 
 52     @ExceptionHandler(RuntimeException.class)
 53     @ResponseBody
 54     public ResponseResult<Object> runtimeExceptionHandler(RuntimeException runtimeException) {
 55         logger.error(runtimeException.getMessage(), runtimeException);
 56         return RestResultGenerator.genResult(messageMap.get("runtimeException") + ":" + runtimeException.getMessage());
 57     }
 58 
 59     @ExceptionHandler(NullPointerException.class)
 60     @ResponseBody
 61     public ResponseResult<Object> nullPointerExceptionHandler(NullPointerException nullPointerException) {
 62         logger.error(nullPointerException.getMessage(), nullPointerException);
 63         return RestResultGenerator.genResult(messageMap.get("nullPointerException") + ":" + nullPointerException.getMessage());
 64     }
 65 
 66     @ExceptionHandler(ClassCastException.class)
 67     @ResponseBody
 68     public ResponseResult<Object> classCastExceptionHandler(ClassCastException classCastException) {
 69         logger.error(classCastException.getMessage(), classCastException);
 70         return RestResultGenerator.genResult(messageMap.get("classCastException") + ":" + classCastException.getMessage());
 71     }
 72 
 73     @ExceptionHandler(IOException.class)
 74     @ResponseBody
 75     public ResponseResult<Object> iOExceptionHandler(IOException iOException) {
 76         logger.error(iOException.getMessage(), iOException);
 77         return RestResultGenerator.genResult(messageMap.get("iOException") + ":" + iOException.getMessage());
 78     }
 79 
 80     @ExceptionHandler(NoSuchMethodException.class)
 81     @ResponseBody
 82     public ResponseResult<Object> noSuchMethodExceptionHandler(NoSuchMethodException noSuchMethodException) {
 83         logger.error(noSuchMethodException.getMessage(), noSuchMethodException);
 84         return RestResultGenerator.genResult(messageMap.get("noSuchMethodException") + ":" + noSuchMethodException.getMessage());
 85     }
 86 
 87     @ExceptionHandler(IndexOutOfBoundsException.class)
 88     @ResponseBody
 89     public ResponseResult<Object> indexOutOfBoundsExceptionHandler(IndexOutOfBoundsException indexOutOfBoundsException) {
 90         logger.error(indexOutOfBoundsException.getMessage(), indexOutOfBoundsException);
 91         return RestResultGenerator.genResult(messageMap.get("indexOutOfBoundsException") + ":" + indexOutOfBoundsException.getMessage());
 92     }
 93 
 94     @ExceptionHandler({HttpMessageNotReadableException.class})
 95     @ResponseBody
 96     public ResponseResult<Object> requestNotReadable(HttpMessageNotReadableException httpMessageNotReadableException) {
 97         logger.error(httpMessageNotReadableException.getMessage(), httpMessageNotReadableException);
 98         return RestResultGenerator.genResult(messageMap.get("httpMessageNotReadableException") + ":" + httpMessageNotReadableException.getMessage());
 99     }
100 
101     @ExceptionHandler({TypeMismatchException.class})
102     @ResponseBody
103     public ResponseResult<Object> requestTypeMismatch(TypeMismatchException typeMismatchException) {
104         logger.error(typeMismatchException.getMessage(), typeMismatchException);
105         return RestResultGenerator.genResult(messageMap.get("typeMismatchException") + ":" + typeMismatchException.getMessage());
106     }
107 
108     @ExceptionHandler({MissingServletRequestParameterException.class})
109     @ResponseBody
110     public ResponseResult<Object> requestMissingServletRequest(MissingServletRequestParameterException missingServletRequestParameterException) {
111         logger.error(missingServletRequestParameterException.getMessage(), missingServletRequestParameterException);
112         return RestResultGenerator.genResult(messageMap.get("missingServletRequestParameterException") + ":" + missingServletRequestParameterException.getMessage());
113     }
114 
115     @ExceptionHandler({HttpRequestMethodNotSupportedException.class})
116     @ResponseBody
117     public ResponseResult<Object> request405(HttpRequestMethodNotSupportedException httpRequestMethodNotSupportedException) {
118         logger.error(httpRequestMethodNotSupportedException.getMessage(), httpRequestMethodNotSupportedException);
119         return RestResultGenerator.genResult(messageMap.get("httpRequestMethodNotSupportedException") + ":" + httpRequestMethodNotSupportedException.getMessage());
120     }
121 
122     @ExceptionHandler({HttpMediaTypeNotAcceptableException.class})
123     @ResponseBody
124     public ResponseResult<Object> request406(HttpMediaTypeNotAcceptableException httpMediaTypeNotAcceptableException) {
125         logger.error(httpMediaTypeNotAcceptableException.getMessage(), httpMediaTypeNotAcceptableException);
126         return RestResultGenerator.genResult(messageMap.get("httpMediaTypeNotAcceptableException") + ":" + httpMediaTypeNotAcceptableException.getMessage());
127     }
128 
129     @ExceptionHandler({ConversionNotSupportedException.class})
130     @ResponseBody
131     public ResponseResult<Object> server500(ConversionNotSupportedException conversionNotSupportedException) {
132         logger.error(conversionNotSupportedException.getMessage(), conversionNotSupportedException);
133         return RestResultGenerator.genResult(messageMap.get("conversionNotSupportedException") + ":" + conversionNotSupportedException.getMessage());
134     }
135 
136 
137     @ExceptionHandler({HttpMessageNotWritableException.class})
138     @ResponseBody
139     public ResponseResult<Object> server500(HttpMessageNotWritableException httpMessageNotWritableException) {
140         logger.error(httpMessageNotWritableException.getMessage(), httpMessageNotWritableException);
141         return RestResultGenerator.genResult(messageMap.get("conversionNotSupportedException") + ":" + httpMessageNotWritableException.getMessage());
142     }
143 }

異常結果封裝:

import java.util.List;
import org.apache.commons.lang.StringUtils;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;

public class RestResultGenerator {
    private static final Logger LOGGER = LoggerFactory.getLogger(RestResultGenerator.class);

    public RestResultGenerator() {
    }

    public static <T> ResponseResult<List<T>> genResult(PagerBean<T> data) {
        ResponseResult result = new ResponseResult();
        result.setSuccess(true);
        result.setData(data.getData());
        result.setTotal(data.getTotal());
        result.setPageIndex(data.getPageIndex());
        result.setPageSize(data.getPageSize());
        return result;
    }

    public static <T> ResponseResult<T> genResult(T data, String message) {
        ResponseResult result = new ResponseResult();
        result.setSuccess(true);
        result.setData(data);
        result.setMessage(message);
        return result;
    }

    public static <T> ResponseResult<T> genResult(String error) {
        ResponseResult result = new ResponseResult();
        if(StringUtils.isEmpty(error)) {
            result.setSuccess(true);
        } else {
            result.setSuccess(false);
        }

        result.setError(error);
        return result;
    }
}

  

返回結果bean:

@JsonInclude(Include.NON_EMPTY) //為空的屬性不參與序列化
public class ResponseResult<T> {
    private boolean success = true;
    private String error;
    private T data;
    private String message;
    private long total;
    private int pageSize;
    private int pageIndex;

    public ResponseResult() {
    }

    public long getTotal() {
        return this.total;
    }

    public void setTotal(long total) {
        this.total = total;
    }

    public int getPageSize() {
        return this.pageSize;
    }

    public void setPageSize(int pageSize) {
        this.pageSize = pageSize;
    }

    public int getPageIndex() {
        return this.pageIndex;
    }

    public void setPageIndex(int pageIndex) {
        this.pageIndex = pageIndex;
    }

    public String getError() {
        return this.error;
    }

    public void setError(String error) {
        this.error = error;
    }

    public T getData() {
        return this.data;
    }

    public void setData(T data) {
        this.data = data;
    }

    public String getMessage() {
        return this.message;
    }

    public void setMessage(String message) {
        this.message = message;
    }

    public boolean isSuccess() {
        return this.success;
    }

    public void setSuccess(boolean success) {
        this.success = success;
    }
}

  

 


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