SpringBoot中普通類無法通過@Autowired自動注入Service、dao等bean解決方法


無法注入原因:

 

有的時候我們有一些類並不想注入Spring容器中,有Spring容器實例化,但是我們又想使用Spring容器中的一些對象,所以就只能借助工具類來獲取了

 

 

工具類:

package com.mikey.design.utils;

import org.springframework.beans.BeansException;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.NoSuchBeanDefinitionException;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContextAware;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
/**
 * @author Mikey
 * @Title:
 * @Description:
 * @Email:1625017540@qq.com
 * @date 2018/12/3 21:57
 * @Version 1.0
 */
@Component
public class SpringUtil implements ApplicationContextAware {
    private static ApplicationContext applicationContext = null;

    public SpringUtil() {
    }

    public void setApplicationContext(ApplicationContext arg0) throws BeansException {
        if (applicationContext == null) {
            applicationContext = arg0;
        }

    }

    public static ApplicationContext getApplicationContext() {
        return applicationContext;
    }

    public static void setAppCtx(ApplicationContext webAppCtx) {
        if (webAppCtx != null) {
            applicationContext = webAppCtx;
        }
    }

    /**
     * 拿到ApplicationContext對象實例后就可以手動獲取Bean的注入實例對象
     */
    public static <T> T getBean(Class<T> clazz) {
        return getApplicationContext().getBean(clazz);
    }

    public static <T> T getBean(String name, Class<T> clazz) throws ClassNotFoundException {
        return getApplicationContext().getBean(name, clazz);
    }

    public static final Object getBean(String beanName) {
        return getApplicationContext().getBean(beanName);
    }

    public static final Object getBean(String beanName, String className) throws ClassNotFoundException {
        Class clz = Class.forName(className);
        return getApplicationContext().getBean(beanName, clz.getClass());
    }

    public static boolean containsBean(String name) {
        return getApplicationContext().containsBean(name);
    }

    public static boolean isSingleton(String name) throws NoSuchBeanDefinitionException {
        return getApplicationContext().isSingleton(name);
    }

    public static Class<?> getType(String name) throws NoSuchBeanDefinitionException {
        return getApplicationContext().getType(name);
    }

    public static String[] getAliases(String name) throws NoSuchBeanDefinitionException {
        return getApplicationContext().getAliases(name);
    }
}
View Code

使用:

 


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