從其他類添加jpanel到cardLayout。

[英]Adding JPanels from other classes to the cardLayout


I've got 3 windows in 3 separate classes and I would like to use cardLayout so that when you click the next button, the next window will appear. How do I add JPanels containing different elements to one cardLayout? This is the first window: (the only difference is the background though - but it represents the idea of how I got it actually)

我在三個獨立的類中有三個窗口,我想使用cardLayout,這樣當你點擊next按鈕時,下一個窗口就會出現。如何將包含不同元素的jpanel添加到一個cardLayout中?這是第一個窗口(唯一的區別是背景——但它代表了我如何得到它的想法)

public class Window1 extends JPanel implements ActionListener {

static CardLayout cardLayout = new CardLayout();

public Window1() {
   init();
}

private void init() {
    JPanel jp = new JPanel(new BorderLayout());
    JPanel jp2 = new Window2();
    //JPanel jp3 = new Window3();
    JLabel textLabel = new JLabel("Window1");
    jp.setBackground(Color.GREEN);
    jp.add(textLabel, BorderLayout.CENTER);
    JButton nextButton = new JButton("NEXT");
    nextButton.setActionCommand("next");
    nextButton.addActionListener(this);
    jp.add(nextButton, BorderLayout.EAST);
    setLayout(cardLayout);
    add(jp, "string");
    add(jp2, "string");
    //add(jp3, "string");
}

public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {            
    if (e.getActionCommand().equalsIgnoreCase("next")) {
    // go to the next window
        cardLayout.next(this);
    }
}

private static void createAndShowGUI() {        
      JFrame frame = new JFrame("test");
      frame.getContentPane().setLayout(Window1.cardLayout);
      frame.getContentPane().add(new Window1(), "Center");
      frame.getContentPane().add(new Window2(), "Center");
      frame.getContentPane().add(new Window3(), "Center");
      frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
      frame.setSize(550, 450);
      frame.setVisible(true); 
}


public static void main(String[] args) {
    java.awt.EventQueue.invokeLater(new Runnable() {
        public void run() {
            createAndShowGUI();
        }           
    });
}
}

The second window:

第二個窗口:

public class Window2 extends JPanel implements ActionListener {

//static CardLayout cardLayout = new CardLayout();

public Window2() {
   init();
}

private void init() {
    setLayout(new BorderLayout());
    JLabel textLabel = new JLabel("Window2");
    setBackground(Color.RED);
    add(textLabel, BorderLayout.CENTER);
    JButton nextButton = new JButton("NEXT");
    nextButton.setActionCommand("next");
    nextButton.addActionListener(this);
    add(nextButton, BorderLayout.EAST);
    //setLayout(cardLayout);
    //JPanel jp3 = new Window3();
    //add(jp3, "string");
}

public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {            
    if (e.getActionCommand().equalsIgnoreCase("next")) {
    // go to the next window??
        System.out.println("window2");
        Window1.cardLayout.next(this);
    }
}

}

And the last one:

最后一個:

public class Window3 extends JPanel implements ActionListener {

public Window3() {
   init();
}

private void init() {
    setLayout(new BorderLayout());
    JLabel textLabel = new JLabel("Window3");
    setBackground(Color.BLUE);
    add(textLabel, BorderLayout.CENTER);
    JButton nextButton = new JButton("NEXT");
    nextButton.setActionCommand("next");
    nextButton.addActionListener(this);
    add(nextButton, BorderLayout.EAST);
}

public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {            
    if (e.getActionCommand().equalsIgnoreCase("next")) {
    // go to the next window
    //  Window1.cardLayout.next(this);
    }
}

}

2 个解决方案

#1


5  

I had made a small program, hopefully the comments written in the program, might be able to guide you, to understand how to use CardLayout.

我做了一個小程序,希望在程序中寫的注釋,可以引導你,理解如何使用CardLayout。

import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;

/* Here we are first declaring our class that will act as the
 * base for other panels or in other terms the base for CardLayout.
 */

public class CardLayoutTest
{
    private static final String CARD_JBUTTON =  "Card JButton";
    private static final String CARD_JTEXTFIELD = "Card JTextField";    
    private static final String CARD_JRADIOBUTTON = "Card JRadioButton";

    private static void createAndShowGUI()
    {
        JFrame frame = new JFrame("Card Layout Test");
        frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
        frame.setLocationRelativeTo(null);

        // This JPanel is the base for CardLayout for other JPanels.
        final JPanel contentPane = new JPanel();
        contentPane.setLayout(new CardLayout(20, 20));

        /* Here we be making objects of the Window Series classes
         * so that, each one of them can be added to the JPanel 
         * having CardLayout. 
         */
        Window1 win1 = new Window1();
        contentPane.add(win1, CARD_JBUTTON);
        Window2 win2 = new Window2();
        contentPane.add(win2, CARD_JTEXTFIELD);
        Window3 win3 = new Window3();
        contentPane.add(win3, CARD_JRADIOBUTTON);

        /* We need two JButtons to go to the next Card
         * or come back to the previous Card, as and when
         * desired by the User.
         */
        JPanel buttonPanel = new JPanel(); 
        final JButton previousButton = new JButton("PREVIOUS");
        previousButton.setBackground(Color.BLACK);
        previousButton.setForeground(Color.WHITE);
        final JButton nextButton = new JButton("NEXT");
        nextButton.setBackground(Color.RED);
        nextButton.setForeground(Color.WHITE);
        buttonPanel.add(previousButton);
        buttonPanel.add(nextButton);

        /* Adding the ActionListeners to the JButton,
         * so that the user can see the next Card or
         * come back to the previous Card, as desired.
         */
        previousButton.addActionListener(new ActionListener()
        {
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent ae)
            {
                CardLayout cardLayout = (CardLayout) contentPane.getLayout();
                cardLayout.previous(contentPane);
            }
        });
        nextButton.addActionListener(new ActionListener()
        {
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent ae)
            {
                CardLayout cardLayout = (CardLayout) contentPane.getLayout();
                cardLayout.next(contentPane);   
            }
        });

        // Adding the contentPane (JPanel) and buttonPanel to JFrame.
        frame.add(contentPane, BorderLayout.CENTER);
        frame.add(buttonPanel, BorderLayout.PAGE_END);

        frame.pack();
        frame.setVisible(true);
    }

    public static void main(String... args)
    {
        SwingUtilities.invokeLater(new Runnable()
        {
            public void run()
            {
                createAndShowGUI();
            }
        });
    }
} 

class Window1 extends JPanel
{
    /*
     * Here this is our first Card of CardLayout, which will
     * be added to the contentPane object of JPanel, which
     * has the LayoutManager set to CardLayout.
     * This card consists of Two JButtons.
     */  
    private ActionListener action;

    public Window1() 
    {
        init();
    }

    private void init() 
    {
        final JButton clickButton = new JButton("CLICK ME");
        final JButton dontClickButton = new JButton("DON\'T CLICK ME");     

        action = new ActionListener()
        {
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent ae)
            {
                if (ae.getSource() == clickButton)
                {
                    JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null, "Hello there dude!"
                                                , "Right Button", JOptionPane.INFORMATION_MESSAGE);
                }
                else if (ae.getSource() == dontClickButton)
                {
                    JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null, "I told you not to click me!"
                                                        , "Wrong Button", JOptionPane.PLAIN_MESSAGE);
                }
            }
        };

        clickButton.addActionListener(action);
        dontClickButton.addActionListener(action);

        add(clickButton);
        add(dontClickButton);
    }
}

class Window2 extends JPanel implements ActionListener 
{
    /*
     * Here this is our second Card of CardLayout, which will
     * be added to the contentPane object of JPanel, which
     * has the LayoutManager set to CardLayout.
     * This card consists of a JLabel and a  JTextField
     * with GridLayout.
     */  

    private JTextField textField;

    public Window2() 
    {
        init();
    }

    private void init() 
    {
        setLayout(new GridLayout(1, 2));
        JLabel userLabel = new JLabel("Your Name : ");
        textField = new JTextField();
        textField.addActionListener(this);

        add(userLabel);
        add(textField);
    }

    public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) 
    {            
        if (textField.getDocument().getLength() > 0)
            JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null, "Your Name is : " + textField.getText()
                                                                            , "User\'s Name : ", JOptionPane.QUESTION_MESSAGE);
    }
}

class Window3 extends JPanel
{
    /*
     * Here this is our third Card of CardLayout, which will
     * be added to the contentPane object of JPanel, which
     * has the LayoutManager set to CardLayout.
     * This card consists of Two JLabels and two JCheckBox
     * with GridLayout.
     */  
    private ActionListener state;

    public Window3()
    {
        init();
    }

    public void init()
    {
        setLayout(new GridLayout(2, 2));
        JLabel maleLabel = new JLabel("MALE", JLabel.CENTER);
        final JCheckBox maleBox = new JCheckBox();
        JLabel femaleLabel = new JLabel("FEMALE", JLabel.CENTER);
        final JCheckBox femaleBox = new JCheckBox();

        state = new ActionListener()
        {
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent ae)
            {
                if (maleBox == (JCheckBox) ae.getSource())
                {
                    femaleBox.setSelected(false);
                    JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null, "Congrats you are a Male"
                                                , "Gender : ", JOptionPane.INFORMATION_MESSAGE);                            
                }
                else if (femaleBox == (JCheckBox) ae.getSource())
                {
                    maleBox.setSelected(false);
                    JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null, "Congrats you are a Female"
                                            , "Gender : ", JOptionPane.INFORMATION_MESSAGE);                        
                }
            }
        };

        maleBox.addActionListener(state);
        femaleBox.addActionListener(state);
        add(maleLabel);
        add(maleBox);
        add(femaleLabel);
        add(femaleBox);
    }
}

#2


2  

There are a couple things:

有幾件事:

  1. As your program can only run 1 main method, each class doesnt need one, but whichever you do run should create an instance of each panel you want to add to your CardLayout.

    由於您的程序只能運行1個main方法,所以每個類都不需要一個,但是無論您運行哪個類,都應該創建一個您想要添加到CardLayout中的每個面板的實例。

  2. You also do not seem to add your Windows to your CardLayout at all. You could try the following (uncomplied). This would only be needed in one class:

    您似乎也沒有將您的窗口添加到您的CardLayout中。你可以試試下面的(不遵守)。這只需要一節課:

    private static void createAndShowGUI() {        
      JFrame frame = new JFrame("test");
      frame.getContentPane().setLayout(Window1.cardLayout);
      frame.getContentPane().add(new Window1());
      frame.getContentPane().add(new Window2());
      frame.getContentPane().add(new Window3());
      frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
      frame.setSize(550, 450);
      frame.setVisible(true); 
    }
    
  3. Further (and this might just be due to the simplicity of your example), I would just have 1 class, and it would take the name of the panel and the color of the background to the constructor. These could be passed into your init() method and your design would be somewhat streamlined.

    進一步(這可能僅僅是因為您的示例的簡單性),我只需要一個類,它將以面板的名稱和構造函數的背景顏色為例。這些可以傳遞到您的init()方法中,您的設計將會有所簡化。

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