socket編程中recv與send函數


recv函數會將套接字緩沖區中的內容讀出,但不清空,與read函數的區別在此。此函數有一個flag標志位,設為MSG_PEEK。

send函數會將緩沖區中的內容寫入到套接字,也不清空,與write函數的區別在此。

用這兩個函數可以先接收或發送緩沖區中的內容,然后再用readn(此時緩沖區中的內容依然存在)與write函數去繼續判斷換行符/n,對緩沖區內容實現換行輸出。

echocli.c

#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <string.h>

#define ERR_EXIT(m) \
        do \
        { \
                perror(m); \
                exit(EXIT_FAILURE); \
        } while(0)

ssize_t readn(int fd, void *buf, size_t count)
{
        size_t nleft = count;
        ssize_t nread;
        char *bufp = (char*)buf;

        while (nleft > 0)
        {
                if ((nread = read(fd, bufp, nleft)) < 0)
                {
                        if (errno == EINTR)
                                continue;
                        return -1;
                }
                else if (nread == 0)
                        return count - nleft;

                bufp += nread;
                nleft -= nread;
        }

        return count;
}

ssize_t writen(int fd, const void *buf, size_t count)
{
        size_t nleft = count;
        ssize_t nwritten;
        char *bufp = (char*)buf;

        while (nleft > 0)
        {
                if ((nwritten = write(fd, bufp, nleft)) < 0)
                {
                        if (errno == EINTR)
                                continue;
                        return -1;
                }
                else if (nwritten == 0)
                        continue;

                bufp += nwritten;
                nleft -= nwritten;
        }

        return count;
}

ssize_t recv_peek(int sockfd, void *buf, size_t len)
{
        while (1)
        {
                int ret = recv(sockfd, buf, len, MSG_PEEK);
                if (ret == -1 && errno == EINTR)
                        continue;
                return ret;
        }
}


ssize_t readline(int sockfd, void *buf, size_t maxline)
{
        int ret;
        int nread;
        char *bufp = buf;
        int nleft = maxline;
        while (1)
        {
                ret = recv_peek(sockfd, bufp, nleft);
                if (ret < 0)
                        return ret;
                else if (ret == 0)
                        return ret;

                nread = ret;
                int i;
                for (i=0; i<nread; i++)
                {
                        if (bufp[i] == '\n')
                        {
                                ret = readn(sockfd, bufp, i+1);
                                if (ret != i+1)
                                        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);

                                return ret;
                        }
                }

                if (nread > nleft)
                        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);

                nleft -= nread;
                ret = readn(sockfd, bufp, nread);
                if (ret != nread)
                        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);

                bufp += nread;
        }

        return -1;
}

void echo_cli(int sock)
{
    char sendbuf[1024] = {0};
        char recvbuf[1024] = {0};
        while (fgets(sendbuf, sizeof(sendbuf), stdin) != NULL)
        {
                writen(sock, sendbuf, strlen(sendbuf));

                int ret = readline(sock, recvbuf, sizeof(recvbuf));
                if (ret == -1)
                        ERR_EXIT("readline");
                else if (ret == 0)
                {
                        printf("client close\n");
                        break;
                }

                fputs(recvbuf, stdout);
                memset(sendbuf, 0, sizeof(sendbuf));
                memset(recvbuf, 0, sizeof(recvbuf));
        }

        close(sock);
}

int main(void)
{
    int sock;
    if ((sock = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, IPPROTO_TCP)) < 0)
        ERR_EXIT("socket");

    struct sockaddr_in servaddr;
    memset(&servaddr, 0, sizeof(servaddr));
    servaddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
    servaddr.sin_port = htons(5188);
    servaddr.sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr("127.0.0.1");

    if (connect(sock, (struct sockaddr*)&servaddr, sizeof(servaddr)) < 0)
        ERR_EXIT("connect");

    struct sockaddr_in localaddr;
    socklen_t addrlen = sizeof(localaddr);
    if (getsockname(sock, (struct sockaddr*)&localaddr, &addrlen) < 0)
        ERR_EXIT("getsockname");

    printf("ip=%s port=%d\n", inet_ntoa(localaddr.sin_addr), ntohs(localaddr.sin_port));


    echo_cli(sock);

    return 0;
}

echosrv.c

#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <string.h>

#define ERR_EXIT(m) \
        do \
        { \
                perror(m); \
                exit(EXIT_FAILURE); \
        } while(0)

ssize_t readn(int fd, void *buf, size_t count)
{
    size_t nleft = count;
    ssize_t nread;
    char *bufp = (char*)buf;

    while (nleft > 0)
    {
        if ((nread = read(fd, bufp, nleft)) < 0)
        {
            if (errno == EINTR)
                continue;
            return -1;
        }
        else if (nread == 0)
            return count - nleft;

        bufp += nread;
        nleft -= nread;
    }

    return count;
}

ssize_t writen(int fd, const void *buf, size_t count)
{
    size_t nleft = count;
    ssize_t nwritten;
    char *bufp = (char*)buf;

    while (nleft > 0)
    {
        if ((nwritten = write(fd, bufp, nleft)) < 0)
        {
            if (errno == EINTR)
                continue;
            return -1;
        }
        else if (nwritten == 0)
            continue;

        bufp += nwritten;
        nleft -= nwritten;
    }

    return count;
}

ssize_t recv_peek(int sockfd, void *buf, size_t len)
{
    while (1)
    {
        int ret = recv(sockfd, buf, len, MSG_PEEK);
        if (ret == -1 && errno == EINTR)
            continue;
        return ret;
    }
}

ssize_t readline(int sockfd, void *buf, size_t maxline)
{
    int ret;
    int nread;
    char *bufp = buf;
    int nleft = maxline;
    while (1)
    {
        ret = recv_peek(sockfd, bufp, nleft);
        if (ret < 0)
            return ret;
        else if (ret == 0)
            return ret;

        nread = ret;
        int i;
        for (i=0; i<nread; i++)
        {
            if (bufp[i] == '\n')
            {
                ret = readn(sockfd, bufp, i+1);
                if (ret != i+1)
                    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);

                return ret;
            }
        }

        if (nread > nleft)
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);

        nleft -= nread;
        ret = readn(sockfd, bufp, nread);
        if (ret != nread)
            exit(EXIT_FAILURE);

        bufp += nread;
    }

    return -1;
}

void echo_srv(int conn)
{
    char recvbuf[1024];
        while (1)
        {
                memset(recvbuf, 0, sizeof(recvbuf));
                int ret = readline(conn, recvbuf, 1024);
        if (ret == -1)
            ERR_EXIT("readline");
        if (ret == 0)
        {
            printf("client close\n");
            break;
        }
        
                fputs(recvbuf, stdout);
                writen(conn, recvbuf, strlen(recvbuf));
        }
}

void handle_sigchld(int sig)
{
/*    wait(NULL);*/
    while (waitpid(-1, NULL, WNOHANG) > 0)
        ;
}

int main(void)
{
/*    signal(SIGCHLD, SIG_IGN);*/
    signal(SIGCHLD, handle_sigchld);
    int listenfd;
    if ((listenfd = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, IPPROTO_TCP)) < 0)
/*    if ((listenfd = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0)) < 0)*/
        ERR_EXIT("socket");

    struct sockaddr_in servaddr;
    memset(&servaddr, 0, sizeof(servaddr));
    servaddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
    servaddr.sin_port = htons(5188);
    servaddr.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(INADDR_ANY);
    /*servaddr.sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr("127.0.0.1");*/
    /*inet_aton("127.0.0.1", &servaddr.sin_addr);*/

    int on = 1;
    if (setsockopt(listenfd, SOL_SOCKET, SO_REUSEADDR, &on, sizeof(on)) < 0)
        ERR_EXIT("setsockopt");

    if (bind(listenfd, (struct sockaddr*)&servaddr, sizeof(servaddr)) < 0)
        ERR_EXIT("bind");
    if (listen(listenfd, SOMAXCONN) < 0)
        ERR_EXIT("listen");

    struct sockaddr_in peeraddr;
    socklen_t peerlen = sizeof(peeraddr);
    int conn;

    pid_t pid;
    while (1)
    {
        if ((conn = accept(listenfd, (struct sockaddr*)&peeraddr, &peerlen)) < 0)
            ERR_EXIT("accept");

        printf("ip=%s port=%d\n", inet_ntoa(peeraddr.sin_addr), ntohs(peeraddr.sin_port));

        pid = fork();
        if (pid == -1)
            ERR_EXIT("fork");
        if (pid == 0)
        {
            close(listenfd);
            echo_srv(conn);
            exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
        }
        else
            close(conn);
    }
    
    return 0;
}

echocli2.c

#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <string.h>

#define ERR_EXIT(m) \
        do \
        { \
                perror(m); \
                exit(EXIT_FAILURE); \
        } while(0)

ssize_t readn(int fd, void *buf, size_t count)
{
        size_t nleft = count;
        ssize_t nread;
        char *bufp = (char*)buf;

        while (nleft > 0)
        {
                if ((nread = read(fd, bufp, nleft)) < 0)
                {
                        if (errno == EINTR)
                                continue;
                        return -1;
                }
                else if (nread == 0)
                        return count - nleft;

                bufp += nread;
                nleft -= nread;
        }

        return count;
}

ssize_t writen(int fd, const void *buf, size_t count)
{
        size_t nleft = count;
        ssize_t nwritten;
        char *bufp = (char*)buf;

        while (nleft > 0)
        {
                if ((nwritten = write(fd, bufp, nleft)) < 0)
                {
                        if (errno == EINTR)
                                continue;
                        return -1;
                }
                else if (nwritten == 0)
                        continue;

                bufp += nwritten;
                nleft -= nwritten;
        }

        return count;
}

ssize_t recv_peek(int sockfd, void *buf, size_t len)
{
        while (1)
        {
                int ret = recv(sockfd, buf, len, MSG_PEEK);
                if (ret == -1 && errno == EINTR)
                        continue;
                return ret;
        }
}


ssize_t readline(int sockfd, void *buf, size_t maxline)
{
        int ret;
        int nread;
        char *bufp = buf;
        int nleft = maxline;
        while (1)
        {
                ret = recv_peek(sockfd, bufp, nleft);
                if (ret < 0)
                        return ret;
                else if (ret == 0)
                        return ret;

                nread = ret;
                int i;
                for (i=0; i<nread; i++)
                {
                        if (bufp[i] == '\n')
                        {
                                ret = readn(sockfd, bufp, i+1);
                                if (ret != i+1)
                                        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);

                                return ret;
                        }
                }

                if (nread > nleft)
                        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);

                nleft -= nread;
                ret = readn(sockfd, bufp, nread);
                if (ret != nread)
                        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);

                bufp += nread;
        }

        return -1;
}

void echo_cli(int sock)
{
    char sendbuf[1024] = {0};
        char recvbuf[1024] = {0};
        while (fgets(sendbuf, sizeof(sendbuf), stdin) != NULL)
        {
                writen(sock, sendbuf, strlen(sendbuf));

                int ret = readline(sock, recvbuf, sizeof(recvbuf));
                if (ret == -1)
                        ERR_EXIT("readline");
                else if (ret == 0)
                {
                        printf("client close\n");
                        break;
                }

                fputs(recvbuf, stdout);
                memset(sendbuf, 0, sizeof(sendbuf));
                memset(recvbuf, 0, sizeof(recvbuf));
        }

        close(sock);
}

int main(void)
{
    int sock[5];
    int i;
    for (i=0; i<5; i++)
    {
        if ((sock[i] = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, IPPROTO_TCP)) < 0)
            ERR_EXIT("socket");

        struct sockaddr_in servaddr;
        memset(&servaddr, 0, sizeof(servaddr));
        servaddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
        servaddr.sin_port = htons(5188);
        servaddr.sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr("127.0.0.1");

        if (connect(sock[i], (struct sockaddr*)&servaddr, sizeof(servaddr)) < 0)
            ERR_EXIT("connect");

        struct sockaddr_in localaddr;
        socklen_t addrlen = sizeof(localaddr);
        if (getsockname(sock[i], (struct sockaddr*)&localaddr, &addrlen) < 0)
            ERR_EXIT("getsockname");

        printf("ip=%s port=%d\n", inet_ntoa(localaddr.sin_addr), ntohs(localaddr.sin_port));
    }

    echo_cli(sock[0]);

    return 0;
}




makefile:

.PHONY:clean all
CC=gcc
CFLAGS=-Wall -g
BIN=echosrv echocli echocli2
all:$(BIN)
%.o:%.c
    $(CC) $(CFLAGS) -c $< -o $@
clean:
    rm -f *.o $(BIN)



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