Windows 64bit下Python環境配置與集成IDE PyCharm


本篇博客主要講述Windows下Python環境的搭建

1. Python基本環境安裝:

在網站Python官網 中下載Windows版本的Python安裝包,雙擊下載下來的安裝包,安裝過程中要選中pip和Add python.exe to Path兩個選項,在安裝按成之后Win+R進入命令行輸入Python,得到如下結果說明安裝完成


要退出命令行下的輸入模式按Ctrl+Z之后按回車Enter按鍵即可退出

2. Windows下Python基本依賴庫的安裝

因為在最初的Python安裝過程中選擇pip,便可以通過pip對python的附加依賴庫進行管理,這里就將通過pip下載安裝numpy和Matplotlib,這里以Matplotlib為例子作為講解,其它也是按照這個模式進行安裝,比較簡單 首先,更新一下Python Windows版本的pip,在Win+R 命令行中輸入:
pip install pip –-upgrade
然后輸入下面的命令進行安裝:
pip install Matplotlib
下載安裝包:安裝完成:
Scipy的安裝:由於在命令行界面直接輸入:
pip install scipy
無法正確安裝報出下列錯誤:
在Sourceforce上找到解決辦法,Win32版本 但是為Win32版本,在64bit機器上報錯...后續解決

3. 安裝PyCharm

PyCharm的安裝就比較簡單了,在網址鏈接Pycharm官方網站 中下載你想要的版本(Professional和Community),具體的安裝細節很簡單,這里就不贅述。這里僅作為學習之用,提供網上找到的PyCharm 2016 2 的注冊碼(注:為排版需要我在串中加入了回車):

43B4A73YYJ-eyJsaWNlbnNlSWQiOiI0M0I0QTczWVlKIiwibGljZW5zZWVOYW1lIjoibGFuIHl1IiwiYXNza
WduZWVOYW1lIjoiIiwiYXNzaWduZWVFbWFpbCI6IiIsImxpY2Vuc2VSZXN0cmljdGlvbiI6IkZvciBlZHVj
YXRpb25hbCB1c2Ugb25seSIsImNoZWNrQ29uY3VycmVudFVzZSI6ZmFsc2UsInByb2R1Y3RzIjpbeyJjb
2RlIjoiSUkiLCJwYWlkVXBUbyI6IjIwMTctMDItMjUifSx7ImNvZGUiOiJBQyIsInBhaWRVcFRvIjoiMjAxNy0
wMi0yNSJ9LHsiY29kZSI6IkRQTiIsInBhaWRVcFRvIjoiMjAxNy0wMi0yNSJ9LHsiY29kZSI6IlBTIiwicGFp
ZFVwVG8iOiIyMDE3LTAyLTI1In0seyJjb2RlIjoiRE0iLCJwYWlkVXBUbyI6IjIwMTctMDItMjUifSx7ImNvZG
UiOiJDTCIsInBhaWRVcFRvIjoiMjAxNy0wMi0yNSJ9LHsiY29kZSI6IlJTMCIsInBhaWRVcFRvIjoiMjAxNy0
wMi0yNSJ9LHsiY29kZSI6IlJDIiwicGFpZFVwVG8iOiIyMDE3LTAyLTI1In0seyJjb2RlIjoiUEMiLCJwYWlkV
XBUbyI6IjIwMTctMDItMjUifSx7ImNvZGUiOiJSTSIsInBhaWRVcFRvIjoiMjAxNy0wMi0yNSJ9LHsiY29kZ
SI6IldTIiwicGFpZFVwVG8iOiIyMDE3LTAyLTI1In0seyJjb2RlIjoiREIiLCJwYWlkVXBUbyI6IjIwMTctMDItM
jUifSx7ImNvZGUiOiJEQyIsInBhaWRVcFRvIjoiMjAxNy0wMi0yNSJ9XSwiaGFzaCI6IjMzOTgyOTkvMCIsI
mdyYWNlUGVyaW9kRGF5cyI6MCwiYXV0b1Byb2xvbmdhdGVkIjpmYWxzZSwiaXNBdXRvUHJvbG9u
Z2F0ZWQiOmZhbHNlfQ==-keaxIkRgXPKE4BR/ZTs7s7UkP92LBxRe57HvWamu1EHVXTcV1B4f/KN
QIrpOpN6dgpjig5eMVMPmo7yMPl+bmwQ8pTZaCGFuLqCHD1ngo6ywHKIQy0nR249sAUVaCl2wGJ
waO4JeOh1opUx8chzSBVRZBMz0/MGyygi7duYAff9JQqfH3p/BhDTNM8eKl6z5tnneZ8ZG5bG1XvqF
TqWk4FhGsEWdK7B+He44hPjBxKQl2gmZAodb6g9YxfTHhVRKQY5hQ7KPXNvh3ikerHkoaL5apgsV
BZJOTDE2KdYTnGLmqxghFx6L0ofqKI6hMr48ergMyflDk6wLNGWJvYHLWw==-MIIEPjCCAiagAwIBA
gIBBTANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQsFADAYMRYwFAYDVQQDDA1KZXRQcm9maWxlIENBMB4XDTE1MTEwM
jA4MjE0OFoXDTE4MTEwMTA4MjE0OFowETEPMA0GA1UEAwwGcHJvZDN5MIIBIjANBgkqhkiG9w0B
AQEFAAOCAQ8AMIIBCgKCAQEAxcQkq+zdxlR2mmRYBPzGbUNdMN6OaXiXzxIWtMEkrJMO/5oUfQJbL
LuMSMK0QHFmaI37WShyxZcfRCidwXjot4zmNBKnlyHodDij/78TmVqFl8nOeD5+07B8VEaIu7c3E1N
+e1doC6wht4I4+IEmtsPAdoaj5WCQVQbrI8KeT8M9VcBIWX7fD0fhexfg3ZRt0xqwMcXGNp3DdJHiO0
rCdU+Itv7EmtnSVq9jBG1usMSFvMowR25mju2JcPFp1+I4ZI+FqgR8gyG8oiNDyNEoAbsR3lOpI7grUY
SvkB/xVy/VoklPCK2h0f0GJxFjnye8NT1PAywoyl7RmiAVRE/EKwIDAQABo4GZMIGWMAkGA1UdEwQ
CMAAwHQYDVR0OBBYEFGEpG9oZGcfLMGNBkY7SgHiMGgTcMEgGA1UdIwRBMD+AFKOetkhnQhI2Q
b1t4Lm0oFKLl/GzoRykGjAYMRYwFAYDVQQDDA1KZXRQcm9maWxlIENBggkA0myxg7KDeeEwEwYD
VR0lBAwwCgYIKwYBBQUHAwEwCwYDVR0PBAQDAgWgMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBCwUAA4ICAQC9WZuYg
QedSuOc5TOUSrRigMw4/+wuC5EtZBfvdl4HT/8vzMW/oUlIP4YCvA0XKyBaCJ2iX+ZCDKoPfiYXiaSiH+H
xAPV6J79vvouxKrWg2XV6ShFtPLP+0gPdGq3x9R3+kJbmAm8w+FOdlWqAfJrLvpzMGNeDU14YGXiZ9b
VzmIQbwrBA+c/F4tlK/DV07dsNExihqFoibnqDiVNTGombaU2dDup2gwKdL81ua8EIcGNExHe82kjF4z
wfadHk3bQVvbfdAwxcDy4xBjs3L4raPLU3yenSzr/OEur1+jfOxnQSmEcMXKXgrAQ9U55gwjcOFKrgOxE
dek/Sk1VfOjvS+nuM4eyEruFMfaZHzoQiuw4IqgGc45ohFH0UUyjYcuFxxDSU9lMCv8qdHKm+wnPRb0
l9l5vXsCBDuhAGYD6ss+Ga+aDY6f/qXZuUCEUOH3QUNbbCUlviSz6+GiRnt1kA9N2Qachl+2yBfaqUqr8h
7Z2gsx5LcIf5kYNsqJ0GavXTVyWh7PYiKX4bs354ZQLUwwa/cG++2+wNWP+HtBhVxMRNTdVhSm38Ak
nZlD+PTAsWGu9GyLmhti2EnVwGybSD2Dxmhxk3IPCkhKAK+pl0eWYGZWG3tJ9mZ7SowcXLWDFAk0lR
JnKGFMTggrWjV8GYpw5bq23VmIqqDLgkNzuoog==


4. 測試

在PyCharm中新建一個工程進行測試,輸入如下代碼:
<span lang="zh-CN"># -*-coding:utf-8 -*-</span><span lang="en-US">                       #</span><span lang="zh-CN">注意</span><span lang="en-US">#</span><span lang="zh-CN">號后面要有一個空格</span>
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

x = np.arange(0, 2*np.pi, 0.1)
y = np.sin(x)
plt.figure("Sin")
plt.title("Sin curve")
plt.xlabel("X label")
plt.ylabel("Y label")
plt.plot(x, y, 'r^')
plt.show()

得到運行結果:


補充:

由於在后來安裝Python包的時候出現下載不成功的問題,之后找到解決辦法,請看這篇文章“在Win7下正確使用Python自帶的pip管理工具下載

注意!

本站转载的文章为个人学习借鉴使用,本站对版权不负任何法律责任。如果侵犯了您的隐私权益,请联系我们删除。



 
粤ICP备14056181号  © 2014-2021 ITdaan.com