Python中類的定義與使用


目標:

  1.類的定義

  2.父類,子類定義,以及子類調用父類

  3.類的組合使用

  4.內置功能

 

1.類的定義

代碼如下:

#!/usr/bin/env python
#coding:utf8


class Hotel(object):
    """docstring for Hotel"""
    def __init__(self, room, cf=1.0, br=15):
        self.room = room
        self.cf = cf
        self.br = br

    def cacl_all(self, days=1):
        return (self.room * self.cf + self.br) * days

if __name__ == '__main__':
    stdroom = Hotel(200)
    big_room = Hotel(230, 0.9)
    print stdroom.cacl_all()
    print stdroom.cacl_all(2)
    print big_room.cacl_all()
    print big_room.cacl_all(3)
    

 

2.父類、子類以及調用父類

代碼如下:

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

# 父類
class AddBook(object):
    def __init__(self, name, phone):
        self.name = name
        self.phone = phone

    def get_phone(self):
        return self.phone

# 子類,繼承
class EmplEmail(AddBook):
    def __init__(self, nm, ph, email):
        # AddBook.__init__(self, nm, ph) # 調用父類方法一
        super(EmplEmail, self).__init__(nm, ph) # 調用父類方法二
        self.email = email

    def get_email(self):
        return self.email

# 調用
if __name__ == "__main__":
    Detian = AddBook('handetian', '18210413001')
    Meng = AddBook('shaomeng', '18210413002')

    print Detian.get_phone()
    print AddBook.get_phone(Meng)

    alice = EmplEmail('alice', '18210418888', 'alice@xkops.com')
    print alice.get_email(), alice.get_phone()

 

3.類的組合使用

代碼如下:

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

'''
1.class類的組合使用
2.手機、郵箱、QQ等是可以變化的(定義在一起),姓名不可變(單獨定義)。
3.在另一個類中引用
'''

class Info(object):
    def __init__(self, phone, email, qq):
        self.phone = phone
        self.email = email
        self.qq = qq

    def get_phone(self):
        return self.phone

    def update_phone(self, newphone):
        self.phone = newphone
        print "手機號更改已更改"

    def get_email(self):
        return self.email


class AddrBook(object):
    '''docstring for AddBook'''
    def __init__(self, name, phone, email, qq):
        self.name = name
        self.info = Info(phone, email, qq)


if __name__ == "__main__":
    Detian = AddrBook('handetian', '18210413001', 'detian@xkops.com', '123456')
    print Detian.info.get_phone()
    Detian.info.update_phone(18210413002)
    print Detian.info.get_phone()
    print Detian.info.get_email()

 

4.內置功能(函數()加與不加的區別)

代碼如下:

#!/usr/bin/env python
#coding:utf8

class Books(object):
    def __init__(self, title, author):
        self.title = title
        self.author = author

    def __str__(self):
        return self.title

    def __repr__(self):
        return self.title

    def __call__(self):
        print "%s is written by %s" %(self.title, self.author)


if __name__ == '__main__':
    pybook = Books('Core Python', 'Wesley')
    print pybook
    pybook()

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

#!/usr/bin/env python
#coding:utf8

class  Number(object):
    """Custum object
    add/radd -> +; 
    sub/rsub -> -;
    mul/rmul -> *;
    div/rdiv -> /;
    """
    def __init__(self, number):
        self.number = number

    def __add__(self, other):
        return self.number + other        

    def __radd__(self, other):
        return self.number  + other

    def __sub__(self, other):
        return self.number - other

    def __rsub__(self, other):
        return other - self.number


    def __gt__(self, other):
        if self.number > other:
            return True
        return False


if __name__ == '__main__':
    num = Number(10)
    print num + 20
    print 30 + num
    print num - 5
    print 11 - num
    print num > 20

 


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