## 代碼

``````#include<iostream>
#include<cstring>
#include<cstdio>
using namespace std;

const int max_n=3e5+5;
const int max_e=max_n*2;
const int max_tree=max_n*5;

int n,x,y,N;
int a[max_n],ans[max_n];
int tot,point[max_n],next[max_e],v[max_e];
int father[max_n],son[max_n],size[max_n],h[max_n];
int num[max_n],top[max_n];
int sum[max_tree],delta[max_tree];
inline int in(){
int x=0; char ch=getchar();
while (ch<'0'||ch>'9') ch=getchar();
while (ch>='0'&&ch<='9') x=x*10+ch-'0',ch=getchar();
return x;
}

++tot; next[tot]=point[x]; point[x]=tot; v[tot]=y;
++tot; next[tot]=point[y]; point[y]=tot; v[tot]=x;
}
inline void dfs_1(int x,int fa,int dep){
size[x]=1; h[x]=dep; father[x]=fa;
int maxson=0;
for (int i=point[x];i;i=next[i])
if (v[i]!=fa){
dfs_1(v[i],x,dep+1);
size[x]+=size[v[i]];
if (maxson<size[v[i]]){
maxson=size[v[i]];
son[x]=v[i];
}
}
}
inline void dfs_2(int x,int fa){
if (son[fa]!=x) top[x]=x;
else top[x]=top[fa];
num[x]=++N;
if (son[x]) dfs_2(son[x],x);
for (int i=point[x];i;i=next[i])
if (v[i]!=son[x]&&v[i]!=fa)
dfs_2(v[i],x);
}

inline void update(int now){
sum[now]=sum[now<<1]+sum[now<<1|1];
}
inline void pushdown(int now,int l,int r,int mid){
if (delta[now]){
sum[now<<1]+=delta[now]*(mid-l+1);
delta[now<<1]+=delta[now];
sum[now<<1|1]+=delta[now]*(r-mid);
delta[now<<1|1]+=delta[now];
delta[now]=0;
}
}
inline void interval_change(int now,int l,int r,int lrange,int rrange){
int mid=(l+r)>>1;
if (lrange<=l&&r<=rrange){
sum[now]+=r-l+1;
++delta[now];
return;
}
pushdown(now,l,r,mid);
if (lrange<=mid)
interval_change(now<<1,l,mid,lrange,rrange);
if (mid+1<=rrange)
interval_change(now<<1|1,mid+1,r,lrange,rrange);
update(now);
}
inline int query(int now,int l,int r,int x){
int mid=(l+r)>>1;
if (l==r) return sum[now];
pushdown(now,l,r,mid);
if (x<=mid)
return query(now<<1,l,mid,x);
else
return query(now<<1|1,mid+1,r,x);
}

inline void change(int u,int t){
int f1=top[u],f2=top[t];
while (f1!=f2){
if (h[f1]<h[f2]){
swap(f1,f2);
swap(u,t);
}
interval_change(1,1,N,num[f1],num[u]);
u=father[f1];
f1=top[u];
}
if (num[u]>num[t]) swap(u,t);
interval_change(1,1,N,num[u],num[t]);
}

int main(){
n=in();
for (int i=1;i<=n;++i)
a[i]=in();
for (int i=1;i<n;++i){
x=in(); y=in();
}
dfs_1(1,0,1);
dfs_2(1,0);
for (int i=1;i<n;++i)
change(a[i],a[i+1]);
for (int i=1;i<=n;++i)
ans[i]=query(1,1,N,num[i]);
for (int i=2;i<=n;++i)
--ans[a[i]];
for (int i=1;i<=n;++i)
printf("%d\n",ans[i]);
}``````