使用控制台程序搭建OAuth授權服務器


參考地址:ASP.NET Web Api: Understanding OWIN/Katana Authentication/Authorization Part I: Concepts

先上一張OAuth的認證圖

很多情況下授權服務器和資源服務器時同一台機器,就有了下面這張圖

接着可以使用上一篇文章中的控制台程序,做一些改動

首先需要引入Microsoft.AspNet.Identity.Owin包

PM> Install-Package Microsoft.AspNet.Identity.Owin -Pre

添加一個授權提供類ApplicationOAuthServerProvider繼承自Microsoft.Owin.Security.OAuth中的OAuthAuthorizationServerProvider ,這個類實現了IOAuthAuthorizationServerProvider接口

using Microsoft.Owin.Security.OAuth;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Security.Claims;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

namespace ConsoleWebApi.OAuthServerProvider
{
public class ApplicationOAuthServerProvider: OAuthAuthorizationServerProvider
{
public override async Task ValidateClientAuthentication(OAuthValidateClientAuthenticationContext context)
{
// This call is required...
// but we're not using client authentication, so validate and move on...
await Task.FromResult(context.Validated());
}
public override async Task GrantResourceOwnerCredentials(OAuthGrantResourceOwnerCredentialsContext context)
{
// DEMO ONLY: Pretend we are doing some sort of REAL checking here:
if (context.Password != "password")
{
context.SetError(
"invalid_grant", "The user name or password is incorrect.");
context.Rejected();
return;
}

// Create or retrieve a ClaimsIdentity to represent the
// Authenticated user:
ClaimsIdentity identity =
new ClaimsIdentity(context.Options.AuthenticationType);
identity.AddClaim(
new Claim("user_name", context.UserName));

// Add a Role Claim:
identity.AddClaim(new Claim(ClaimTypes.Role, "Admin"));

// Identity info will ultimately be encoded into an Access Token
// as a result of this call:
context.Validated(identity);
}
}
}
View Code

這里重寫了兩個方法:

ValidateClientAuthentication()驗證客戶信息。

GrantResourceOwnerCredentials()創建ClaimsIdentity並通過OWIN middleware將ClaimsIdentity編碼生成Access Token。

Suffice it to say that theClaimsIdentity information is encrypted with a private key (generally, but not always the Machine Key of the machine on which the server is running). Once so encrypted, the access token is then added to the body of the outgoing HTTP response.

大意就時通過機器的Machine Key將ClaimsIdentity編碼,如果資源服務器和授權服務器不是同一台機器的話,需要在配置文件中配置相同的Machine Key,這樣通過OWIN 中間件就能解碼出ClaimsIdentity。

下一步修改Startup ,添加ConfigureAuth()

Startup class. Check to make sure you have added the following usings and code to Startup:

Add a ConfigureAuth() Method to the OWIN Startup Class:
using System;

// Add the following usings:
using Owin;
using System.Web.Http;
using MinimalOwinWebApiSelfHost.Models;
using MinimalOwinWebApiSelfHost.OAuthServerProvider;
using Microsoft.Owin.Security.OAuth;
using Microsoft.Owin;

namespace MinimalOwinWebApiSelfHost
{
public class Startup
{
// This method is required by Katana:
public void Configuration(IAppBuilder app)
{
ConfigureAuth(app);
var webApiConfiguration = ConfigureWebApi();
app.UseWebApi(webApiConfiguration);
}


private void ConfigureAuth(IAppBuilder app)
{
var OAuthOptions = new OAuthAuthorizationServerOptions
{
TokenEndpointPath
= new PathString("/Token"),
Provider
= new ApplicationOAuthServerProvider(),
AccessTokenExpireTimeSpan
= TimeSpan.FromDays(14),

// Only do this for demo!!
AllowInsecureHttp = true
};
app.UseOAuthAuthorizationServer(OAuthOptions);
app.UseOAuthBearerAuthentication(
new OAuthBearerAuthenticationOptions());
}


private HttpConfiguration ConfigureWebApi()
{
var config = new HttpConfiguration();
config.Routes.MapHttpRoute(
"DefaultApi",
"api/{controller}/{id}",
new { id = RouteParameter.Optional });
return config;
}
}
}
View Code

接下來新建一個客戶端控制台程序

添加幾個類

ApiClientProvider

using Newtonsoft.Json;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Net.Http;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

namespace MinimalOwinWebApiClient
{
public class ApiClientProvider
{
string _hostUri;
public string AccessToken { get; private set; }

public ApiClientProvider(string hostUri)
{
_hostUri
= hostUri;
}


public async Task<Dictionary<string, string>> GetTokenDictionary(
string userName, string password)
{
HttpResponseMessage response;
var pairs = new List<KeyValuePair<string, string>>
{
new KeyValuePair<string, string>( "grant_type", "password" ),
new KeyValuePair<string, string>( "username", userName ),
new KeyValuePair<string, string> ( "password", password )
};
var content = new FormUrlEncodedContent(pairs);

using (var client = new HttpClient())
{
var tokenEndpoint = new Uri(new Uri(_hostUri), "Token");
response
= await client.PostAsync(tokenEndpoint, content);
}

var responseContent = await response.Content.ReadAsStringAsync();
if (!response.IsSuccessStatusCode)
{
throw new Exception(string.Format("Error: {0}", responseContent));
}

return GetTokenDictionary(responseContent);
}


private Dictionary<string, string> GetTokenDictionary(
string responseContent)
{
Dictionary
<string, string> tokenDictionary =
JsonConvert.DeserializeObject
<Dictionary<string, string>>(
responseContent);
return tokenDictionary;
}
}
}
View Code

Company

public class Company
{
public int Id { get; set; }
public string Name { get; set; }
}
View Code

CompanyClient

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Net;
using System.Net.Http;
using System.Net.Http.Headers;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

namespace MinimalOwinWebApiClient
{
public class CompanyClient
{
string _accessToken;
Uri _baseRequestUri;
public CompanyClient(Uri baseUri, string accessToken)
{
_accessToken
= accessToken;
_baseRequestUri
= new Uri(baseUri, "api/companies/");
}


// Handy helper method to set the access token for each request:
void SetClientAuthentication(HttpClient client)
{
client.DefaultRequestHeaders.Authorization
= new AuthenticationHeaderValue("Bearer", _accessToken);
}


public async Task<IEnumerable<Company>> GetCompaniesAsync()
{
HttpResponseMessage response;
using (var client = new HttpClient())
{
SetClientAuthentication(client);
response
= await client.GetAsync(_baseRequestUri);
}
return await response.Content.ReadAsAsync<IEnumerable<Company>>();
}


public async Task<Company> GetCompanyAsync(int id)
{
HttpResponseMessage response;
using (var client = new HttpClient())
{
SetClientAuthentication(client);

// Combine base address URI and ID to new URI
// that looks like http://hosturl/api/companies/id
response = await client.GetAsync(
new Uri(_baseRequestUri, id.ToString()));
}
var result = await response.Content.ReadAsAsync<Company>();
return result;
}


public async Task<HttpStatusCode> AddCompanyAsync(Company company)
{
HttpResponseMessage response;
using (var client = new HttpClient())
{
SetClientAuthentication(client);
response
= await client.PostAsJsonAsync(
_baseRequestUri, company);
}
return response.StatusCode;
}


public async Task<HttpStatusCode> UpdateCompanyAsync(Company company)
{
HttpResponseMessage response;
using (var client = new HttpClient())
{
SetClientAuthentication(client);
response
= await client.PutAsJsonAsync(
_baseRequestUri, company);
}
return response.StatusCode;
}


public async Task<HttpStatusCode> DeleteCompanyAsync(int id)
{
HttpResponseMessage response;
using (var client = new HttpClient())
{
SetClientAuthentication(client);

// Combine base address URI and ID to new URI
// that looks like http://hosturl/api/companies/id
response = await client.DeleteAsync(
new Uri(_baseRequestUri, id.ToString()));
}
return response.StatusCode;
}
}
}
View Code

修改Main

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

namespace MinimalOwinWebApiClient
{
class Program
{
static void Main(string[] args)
{
// Wait for the async stuff to run...
Run().Wait();

// Then Write Done...
Console.WriteLine("");
Console.WriteLine(
"Done! Press the Enter key to Exit...");
Console.ReadLine();
return;
}
static async Task Run()
{
// Create an http client provider:
string hostUriString = "http://localhost:8080";
var provider = new ApiClientProvider(hostUriString);
string _accessToken;
Dictionary
<string, string> _tokenDictionary;

try
{
// Pass in the credentials and retrieve a token dictionary:
_tokenDictionary = await provider.GetTokenDictionary(
"john@example.com", "password");
_accessToken
= _tokenDictionary["access_token"];

// Write the contents of the dictionary:
foreach (var kvp in _tokenDictionary)
{
Console.WriteLine(
"{0}: {1}", kvp.Key, kvp.Value);
Console.WriteLine(
"");
}
// Create a company client instance:
var baseUri = new Uri(hostUriString);
var companyClient = new CompanyClient(baseUri, _accessToken);

// Read initial companies:
Console.WriteLine("Read all the companies...");
var companies = await companyClient.GetCompaniesAsync();
WriteCompaniesList(companies);

int nextId = (from c in companies select c.Id).Max() + 1;

Console.WriteLine(
"Add a new company...");
var result = await companyClient.AddCompanyAsync(
new Company { Name = string.Format("New Company #{0}", nextId) });
WriteStatusCodeResult(result);

Console.WriteLine(
"Updated List after Add:");
companies
= await companyClient.GetCompaniesAsync();
WriteCompaniesList(companies);

Console.WriteLine(
"Update a company...");
var updateMe = await companyClient.GetCompanyAsync(nextId);
updateMe.Name
= string.Format("Updated company #{0}", updateMe.Id);
result
= await companyClient.UpdateCompanyAsync(updateMe);
WriteStatusCodeResult(result);

Console.WriteLine(
"Updated List after Update:");
companies
= await companyClient.GetCompaniesAsync();
WriteCompaniesList(companies);

Console.WriteLine(
"Delete a company...");
result
= await companyClient.DeleteCompanyAsync(nextId - 1);
WriteStatusCodeResult(result);

Console.WriteLine(
"Updated List after Delete:");
companies
= await companyClient.GetCompaniesAsync();
WriteCompaniesList(companies);
}
catch (AggregateException ex)
{
// If it's an aggregate exception, an async error occurred:
Console.WriteLine(ex.InnerExceptions[0].Message);
Console.WriteLine(
"Press the Enter key to Exit...");
Console.ReadLine();
return;
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
// Something else happened:
Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
Console.WriteLine(
"Press the Enter key to Exit...");
Console.ReadLine();
return;
}


}

static void WriteCompaniesList(IEnumerable<Company> companies)
{
foreach (var company in companies)
{
Console.WriteLine(
"Id: {0} Name: {1}", company.Id, company.Name);
}
Console.WriteLine(
"");
}

static void WriteStatusCodeResult(System.Net.HttpStatusCode statusCode)
{
if (statusCode == System.Net.HttpStatusCode.OK)
{
Console.WriteLine(
"Opreation Succeeded - status code {0}", statusCode);
}
else
{
Console.WriteLine(
"Opreation Failed - status code {0}", statusCode);
}
Console.WriteLine(
"");
}
}

}
View Code

給CompaniesController加上[Authorize]后就有了授權認證了。


注意!

本站转载的文章为个人学习借鉴使用,本站对版权不负任何法律责任。如果侵犯了您的隐私权益,请联系我们删除。



 
粤ICP备14056181号  © 2014-2020 ITdaan.com