帶有Tomcat 7.0.54和Apache 2.4的Spring Websockets 4.1.6

[英]Spring Websockets 4.1.6 with Tomcat 7.0.54 and Apache 2.4


I'm having some troubles running a simple application using Spring WebSockets 4.1.6, Tomcat 7.0.54 and Apache 2.4.16 as Web Server.

我使用Spring WebSockets 4.1.6,Tomcat 7.0.54和Apache 2.4.16作為Web服務器運行一個簡單的應用程序時遇到了一些麻煩。

I have read a lot of posts in internet, and I don't know what's happening. The server starts without problems. I have an index.html published in my server project that starts a WebSocket connection.

我在互聯網上看過很多帖子,我不知道發生了什么。服務器啟動沒有問題。我在我的服務器項目中發布了一個index.html,它啟動了一個WebSocket連接。

If I access to this file directly from Tomcat, it works perfectly.

如果我直接從Tomcat訪問這個文件,它可以很好地工作。

http://localhost:8080/myserver/messaging/index.html

But if I access to this file from Apache Server, it doesn't work.

但是,如果我從Apache Server訪問此文件,它將無法正常工作。

http://localhost/messages/messaging/index.html

In my Apache Server I have configured a proxy pass:

在我的Apache服務器中,我配置了一個代理傳遞:

ProxyPass           /messages http://localhost:8080/myserver
ProxyPassReverse    /messages http://localhost:8080/myserver

My server WebSocket configuration looks as follows:

我的服務器WebSocket配置如下所示:

@Configuration
@EnableWebSocketMessageBroker
public class PuiWebSocketConfig extends
    AbstractWebSocketMessageBrokerConfigurer {

    @Override
    public void configureMessageBroker(MessageBrokerRegistry config) {
        config.setApplicationDestinationPrefixes("/app");
        config.enableSimpleBroker("/user", "/topic");
    }

    @Override
    public void registerStompEndpoints(StompEndpointRegistry registry) {
        registry.addEndpoint("/puimessaging").withSockJS();
    }
}

And my client does the connection as follows:

我的客戶端連接如下:

function connect() {
    var socket = new SockJS('/server/puimessaging');
    var stompClient = Stomp.over(socket);
    var headers = {
        puiSessionId : 'a1234567890z'
    };
    stompClient.connect(headers, function(frame) {
        setConnected(true);
        stompClient.subscribe('/user/a1234567890z/response', function(data) {
            ...
        });
    });
}

The server throws an error saying that I need to enable Async support, but I don't know what to do.

服務器拋出一個錯誤,說我需要啟用異步支持,但我不知道該怎么做。

Async support must be enabled on a servlet and for all filters involved
in async request processing. This is done in Java code using the Servlet
API or by adding "<async-supported>true</async-supported>" to servlet and
filter declarations in web.xml. Also you must use a Servlet 3.0+ container

I tried to add the property on my web.xml file, but it doesn't work:

我試圖在我的web.xml文件中添加該屬性,但它不起作用:

<servlet>
    <servlet-name>spring-mvc</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
    <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    <async-supported>true</async-supported>
</servlet>

<servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>spring-mvc</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
</servlet-mapping>

Any idea?

Thanks in advance.

提前致謝。

Marc

4 个解决方案

#1


I get it working, not via WebSockets but via xhr_streaming. My configuration looks as follows:

我得到它的工作,不是通過WebSockets,而是通過xhr_streaming。我的配置如下:

Web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app id="webApp" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd"
    version="3.0">

    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>spring-mvc</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
        <async-supported>true</async-supported>
    </servlet>

    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>spring-mvc</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>

    <listener>
        <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
    </listener>

    <filter>
        <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>encoding</param-name>
            <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>forceEncoding</param-name>
            <param-value>true</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <async-supported>true</async-supported>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>
</web-app>

Tomcat (server.xml):

<Connector URIEncoding="UTF-8" connectionTimeout="20000"
        port="8080" protocol="org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11NioProtocol"
        redirectPort="8443" />

Apache httpd:

...
LoadModule proxy_module modules/mod_proxy.so
LoadModule proxy_ajp_module modules/mod_proxy_ajp.so
LoadModule proxy_balancer_module modules/mod_proxy_balancer.so
LoadModule proxy_connect_module modules/mod_proxy_connect.so
LoadModule proxy_express_module modules/mod_proxy_express.so
LoadModule proxy_fcgi_module modules/mod_proxy_fcgi.so
LoadModule proxy_ftp_module modules/mod_proxy_ftp.so
# LoadModule proxy_html_module modules/mod_proxy_html.so
LoadModule proxy_http_module modules/mod_proxy_http.so
LoadModule proxy_scgi_module modules/mod_proxy_scgi.so
LoadModule proxy_wstunnel_module modules/mod_proxy_wstunnel.so
...
ProxyPass   /pideweb-gijon  http://localhost:8080/pideweb_gijon
ProxyPassReverse    /pideweb-gijon  http://localhost:8080/pideweb_gijon
ProxyPass   /pideweb-gijon/endpointpuisocket/   ws://localhost:8080/pideweb_gijon/endpointpuisocket/
ProxyPassReverse    /pideweb-gijon/endpointpuisocket/   ws://localhost:8080/pideweb_gijon/endpointpuisocket/

Spring Configuration:

@Configuration
@EnableWebSocketMessageBroker
public class WebSocketConfig extends AbstractWebSocketMessageBrokerConfigurer {

    @Autowired
    private WebSocketService websocketService;

    @Override
    public void configureMessageBroker(MessageBrokerRegistry config) {
        config.setApplicationDestinationPrefixes("/app");
        config.enableSimpleBroker("/user", "/topic");
        // config.setUserDestinationPrefix("/user");
        // config.enableSimpleBroker("/queue", "/topic");
    }

    @Override
    public void registerStompEndpoints(StompEndpointRegistry registry) {
        registry.addEndpoint("/endpointpuisocket").withSockJS();
    }

    @Override
    public void configureClientInboundChannel(ChannelRegistration registration) {
        ChannelInterceptorAdapter interceptor = new ChannelInterceptorAdapter() {

            @Override
            public Message<?> preSend(Message<?> message, MessageChannel channel) {
                // store or remove the Session ID in the list depending on the
                // message is for Connecting or Disconnecting
                StompHeaderAccessor accessor = StompHeaderAccessor
                        .wrap(message);
                StompCommand command = accessor.getCommand();
                List<String> headersSessionId = accessor
                        .getNativeHeader("puiSessionId");
                if (!CollectionUtils.isEmpty(headersSessionId)) {
                    String sessionId = headersSessionId.get(0);

                    switch (command) {
                    case CONNECT:
                        // add the session ID
                        websocketService.addSession(sessionId);
                        break;
                    case DISCONNECT:
                        // remove the session ID
                        websocketService.removeSession(sessionId);
                        break;
                    default:
                        break;
                    }
                }

                return message;
            }
        };
        registration.setInterceptors(interceptor);
    }

}

Javascript Client:

function(gst) {
    var url = '/pideweb-gijon/endpointpuisocket';
    var socket = new SockJS(url);
    var stompClient = Stomp.over(socket);
    var headers = {
        puiSessionId : gst
    };

    var self = this;
    stompClient.connect(headers, function(frame) {
        console.log('Connected: ' + frame);
        self.stompClient.subscribe('/user/' + gst + '/response', function(data) {
            console.log(data.body);
        });
    });
};

With this, when I enter the client, automatically tries to connect to the Server. I'm using Chrome, and this is the stack of requests:

有了這個,當我進入客戶端時,會自動嘗試連接到服務器。我正在使用Chrome,這是一堆請求:

Info request info request

Websocket request websocket request

XHR_streaming request xhr_streaming request

Anybody knows what could be happening with Websocket request?

有誰知道Websocket請求會發生什么?

Thanks!

#2


For this, you need to update your tomcat connector, go in your tomcat directory --> conf --> server.xml. Locate the below line :

為此,您需要更新tomcat連接器,進入tomcat目錄 - > conf - > server.xml。找到以下行:

<Connector connectionTimeout="20000" maxThreads="1000" port="8080" protocol="org.apache.coyote.http1.1"/> 

Something similar it should be, notice the protocol, and change it to :

它應該是類似的東西,注意協議,並將其更改為:

<Connector connectionTimeout="20000" maxThreads="1000" port="8080" protocol="org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11NioProtocol"/>

Restart your tomcat.

重啟你的tomcat。

#3


Knowing that everything works as expected with Tomcat, there's probably a problem with your Apache configuration.

知道Tomcat的一切都按預期工作,您的Apache配置可能存在問題。

By default, Apache does not support websocket UPGRADE, you need to install+configure mod_proxy_wstunnel.

默認情況下,Apache不支持websocket UPGRADE,需要安裝+ configure mod_proxy_wstunnel。

You'll probably have to make sure that mod_proxy is in HTTP mode (i.e. not AJP) and that HTTP persistent connections are properly supported if you want the various SockJS transports to work.

您可能必須確保mod_proxy處於HTTP模式(即不是AJP),並且如果您希望各種SockJS傳輸工作,則可以正確支持HTTP持久連接。

#4


I got the same issue and solution of @Marc Gil Sendra works for me. It need to configure Proxypass from Apache for WebSocket protocol.

我得到了同樣的問題,@ Marc Gil Sendra的解決方案適合我。它需要從Apache為WebSocket協議配置Proxypass。

ProxyPass /pideweb-gijon/endpointpuisocket/ ws://localhost:8080/pideweb_gijon/endpointpuisocket/

ProxyPass / pideweb-gijon / endpointpuisocket / ws:// localhost:8080 / pideweb_gijon / endpointpuisocket /

ProxyPassReverse /pideweb-gijon/endpointpuisocket/ ws://localhost:8080/pideweb_gijon/endpointpuisocket/

ProxyPassReverse / pideweb-gijon / endpointpuisocket / ws:// localhost:8080 / pideweb_gijon / endpointpuisocket /

I tested in Bitnami EC2 (Apache + Tomcat), the configure as bellow File config: /opt/bitnami/apache-tomcat/conf/apache-tomcat-prefix.conf

我在Bitnami EC2(Apache + Tomcat)中測試過,配置如下文件配置:/opt/bitnami/apache-tomcat/conf/apache-tomcat-prefix.conf

<Location /AppContext/endpointpuisocket> ProxyPass ws://localhost:8080/AppContext/endpointpuisocket </Location>

ProxyPass ws:// localhost:8080 / AppContext / endpointpuisocket


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