[英]The most efficient way to parse Xml

The .Net framework now has (at least) four different methods of reading an Xml string. I've used each of XmlDocument, XmlReader, XPath and XElement, but which is the most efficient to use when coding or during execution? Is each designed for a different task, what are the pros and cons?

. net框架現在至少有四種讀取Xml字符串的方法。我已經使用了每一個XmlDocument、XmlReader、XPath和XElement,但是在編寫代碼或執行過程中,哪一個最有效?每一個都是為不同的任務設計的,有什么優點和缺點?

Update: Using a XmlReader appears to be the quickest way to read xml, which sound reasonable to me, but has it's limitations. I would like to know if there is any performance difference between XmlDocument and XLinq for accessing xml non-sequentially.


Update: I found some posts comparing the different methods of loading an xml document. XmlReader is the fastest, there is insignificant difference between XmlDocument and LINQ to XML until you load a document with 10,000+ node where LINQ to XML comes out in front.

更新:我發現一些文章比較了加載xml文檔的不同方法。XmlReader是最快的,XmlDocument和LINQ到XML之間沒有什么區別,直到您加載一個具有10,000+節點的文檔,其中LINQ to XML出現在前面。

3 个解决方案



The three most common methods to read are:


XmlDocument It reads the whole file in a tree structure that can then be accessed using XPath or by browsing all the nodes. It requires a lot of memory for very large file since the whole XML structure must be loaded in memory. Very good and simple to use for smaller files (less then a few megs).


XmlReader Fast, but also a real pain to use since it's sequential. If you ever need to go back, you can't, and XML structure are usually very prone to having disorganised orders. Also, if you read from a non ending stream of XML, this is probably the only way to go.


XML serializers This basically does everything for you, you provide the root object of your model and it creates and read the XML for you. However, you have almost no control over the structure, and reading older versions of your object is a pain. So this won't work very well for persistance.


XDocument and LINQ to XML As Daniel Straight pointed out. But I don't know it enough to comment. I invite anyone to edit the post and add the missing info.


Now writing is another story. It's a pain to maintain a XmlDocument and XmlWriter is a breeze to use.


I'd say, from my experience, that the best combo is to write using XmlWriter and read using XmlDocument.




There's also XDocument and LINQ to XML, which I consider by far the most efficient when it comes to programmer time.

還有XDocument和LINQ to XML,我認為在程序員時間方面,這是最有效的。



The fastest one would be XmlTextReader. From MSDN:


"Represents a reader that provides fast, non-cached, forward-only access to XML data."


More here: XmlTextReader Class


Though it really depends on the problem to decide which "method" would be most apropriate for use. If you need to read an XML file only once (e.g.: reading and caching some global app-settings, etc.), then XmlTextReader is the winner. But remember, it is forward-only-reader. If you need to search/modify all-over the XML, then you should probably use XmlDocument Class.




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