Android美工坊--底部菜单栏实现


http://www.cnblogs.com/loulijun/archive/2012/03/21/2409994.html本文出自

虽然网上有很多底部菜单栏的实现方式,但是实现方式各种各样,很多也不符合自己的口味,所以还是总结下底部菜单栏的实现方式,以便以后方便查询使用

实现方式一:通过TabWidget实现

这种方式主要是在布局中将TabWidget标签嵌套在RelativeLayout中,并且在TabWidget标签中中设置 android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"

另外,下划线和选项卡之间的线去除的方法时在TabWidget标签中设置属性android:tabStripEnabled="false"

 

main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<TabHost xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:id
="@android:id/tabhost"
android:layout_width
="fill_parent"
android:layout_height
="fill_parent"
android:orientation
="vertical" >
<FrameLayout
android:id="@android:id/tabcontent"
android:layout_width
="fill_parent"
android:layout_height
="fill_parent"
android:padding
="5dp"
></FrameLayout>

<RelativeLayout
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height
="fill_parent">
<!-- tabStripEnabled属性去掉底部下划线与选项卡间的下划线 -->
<!-- layout_alignParentBottom属性即可将其放在底部菜单栏,注意,必须在RelativeLayout里 -->
<TabWidget
android:id="@android:id/tabs"
android:tabStripEnabled
="false"
android:background
="#6E6E6E"
android:layout_width
="fill_parent"
android:layout_height
="wrap_content"
android:layout_alignParentBottom
="true"
></TabWidget>

</RelativeLayout>

</TabHost>
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主要代码

package com.loulijun.demo1;

import android.app.TabActivity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.widget.TabHost;

public class Demo1Activity extends TabActivity {
/** Called when the activity is first created. */
private TabHost tabhost;
private Intent intent1, intent2, intent3, intent4;
@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.main);
tabhost = getTabHost();

intent1 = new Intent(Demo1Activity.this, One.class);
tabhost.addTab(tabhost.newTabSpec("one")
.setIndicator("电话",getResources().getDrawable(android.R.drawable.ic_menu_call))
.setContent(intent1));

intent2 = new Intent(Demo1Activity.this, Two.class);
tabhost.addTab(tabhost.newTabSpec("two")
.setIndicator("相机",getResources().getDrawable(android.R.drawable.ic_menu_camera))
.setContent(intent2));

intent3 = new Intent(Demo1Activity.this, Three.class);
tabhost.addTab(tabhost.newTabSpec("three")
.setIndicator("分享",getResources().getDrawable(android.R.drawable.ic_menu_share))
.setContent(intent3));

intent4 = new Intent(Demo1Activity.this, Four.class);
tabhost.addTab(tabhost.newTabSpec("four")
.setIndicator("更多",getResources().getDrawable(android.R.drawable.ic_menu_more))
.setContent(intent4));
}
}
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运行效果如下:

实现方式二:隐藏TabWidget,通过RadioGroup和RadioButton实现底部菜单栏

这种方式更漂亮,网上基本用的是这种方式,通过setCurrentTabByTag来切换不同的选项卡

main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<TabHost xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:id
="@android:id/tabhost"
android:layout_width
="fill_parent"
android:layout_height
="fill_parent"
>
<LinearLayout
android:orientation="vertical"
android:layout_width
="fill_parent"
android:layout_height
="fill_parent">
<FrameLayout
android:id="@android:id/tabcontent"
android:layout_width
="fill_parent"
android:layout_height
="0.0dip"
android:layout_weight
="1.0"/>
<TabWidget
android:id="@android:id/tabs"
android:layout_width
="fill_parent"
android:layout_height
="wrap_content"
android:layout_weight
="0.0"
android:visibility
="gone"/>
<RadioGroup
android:id="@+id/main_tab"
android:background
="@drawable/maintab_toolbar_bg"
android:orientation
="horizontal"
android:layout_width
="fill_parent"
android:layout_height
="wrap_content"
android:gravity
="center_vertical"
android:layout_gravity
="bottom">
<RadioButton
android:layout_marginTop="2.0dip"
android:text
="@string/main_home"
android:drawableTop
="@drawable/icon_1_n"
android:id
="@+id/radio_button0"
style
="@style/main_tab_bottom"/>
<RadioButton
android:layout_marginTop="2.0dip"
android:text
="@string/main_news"
android:drawableTop
="@drawable/icon_2_n"
android:id
="@+id/radio_button1"
style
="@style/main_tab_bottom"/>
<RadioButton
android:layout_marginTop="2.0dip"
android:text
="@string/main_my_info"
android:drawableTop
="@drawable/icon_3_n"
android:id
="@+id/radio_button2"
style
="@style/main_tab_bottom"/>
<RadioButton
android:layout_marginTop="2.0dip"
android:text
="@string/menu_search"
android:drawableTop
="@drawable/icon_4_n"
android:id
="@+id/radio_button3"
style
="@style/main_tab_bottom"/>
<RadioButton
android:layout_marginTop="2.0dip"
android:text
="@string/more"
android:drawableTop
="@drawable/icon_5_n"
android:id
="@+id/radio_button4"
style
="@style/main_tab_bottom"/>
</RadioGroup>
</LinearLayout>
</TabHost>
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drawable/home_btn_bg.xml:切换时的效果

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<selector
xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
<item android:state_focused="true" android:state_enabled="true" android:state_pressed="false" android:drawable="@drawable/home_btn_bg_s" />
<item android:state_enabled="true" android:state_pressed="true" android:drawable="@drawable/home_btn_bg_s" />
<item android:state_enabled="true" android:state_checked="true" android:drawable="@drawable/home_btn_bg_d" />
<item android:drawable="@drawable/transparent" />
</selector>
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string/dimens.xml 尺寸文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
<dimen name="bottom_tab_padding_drawable">2.0dip</dimen>
<dimen name="bottom_tab_padding_up">5.0dip</dimen>
<dimen name="bottom_tab_font_size">10.0dip</dimen>
</resources>
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string/drawables.xml 设置为透明

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
<item type="drawable" name="transparent">#00000000</item>
</resources>
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string/styles.xml 样式文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
<style name="main_tab_bottom">
<item name="android:textSize">@dimen/bottom_tab_font_size</item>
<item name="android:textColor">#ffffffff</item>
<item name="android:ellipsize">marquee</item>
<item name="android:gravity">center_horizontal</item>
<item name="android:background">@drawable/home_btn_bg</item>
<item name="android:paddingTop">@dimen/bottom_tab_padding_up</item>
<item name="android:layout_width">fill_parent</item>
<item name="android:layout_height">wrap_content</item>
<item name="android:button">@null</item>
<item name="android:singleLine">true</item>
<item name="android:drawablePadding">@dimen/bottom_tab_padding_drawable</item>
<item name="android:layout_weight">1.0</item>
</style>
</resources>
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主要的代码

package com.loulijun.demo2;

import android.app.TabActivity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.Window;
import android.widget.RadioGroup;
import android.widget.TabHost;
import android.widget.RadioGroup.OnCheckedChangeListener;
public class MainTabActivity extends TabActivity implements OnCheckedChangeListener{
private RadioGroup mainTab;
private TabHost tabhost;
private Intent iHome;
private Intent iNews;
private Intent iInfo;
private Intent iSearch;
private Intent iMore;

@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
requestWindowFeature(Window.FEATURE_NO_TITLE);
setContentView(R.layout.main);
mainTab=(RadioGroup)findViewById(R.id.main_tab);
mainTab.setOnCheckedChangeListener(this);
tabhost = getTabHost();

iHome = new Intent(this, HomeActivity.class);
tabhost.addTab(tabhost.newTabSpec("iHome")
.setIndicator(getResources().getString(R.string.main_home), getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.icon_1_n))
.setContent(iHome));

iNews = new Intent(this, NewsActivity.class);
tabhost.addTab(tabhost.newTabSpec("iNews")
.setIndicator(getResources().getString(R.string.main_news), getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.icon_2_n))
.setContent(iNews));

iInfo = new Intent(this, MyInfoActivity.class);
tabhost.addTab(tabhost.newTabSpec("iInfo")
.setIndicator(getResources().getString(R.string.main_my_info), getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.icon_3_n))
.setContent(iInfo));

iSearch = new Intent(this,SearchActivity.class);
tabhost.addTab(tabhost.newTabSpec("iSearch")
.setIndicator(getResources().getString(R.string.menu_search), getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.icon_4_n))
.setContent(iSearch));

iMore = new Intent(this, MoreActivity.class);
tabhost.addTab(tabhost.newTabSpec("iMore")
.setIndicator(getResources().getString(R.string.more), getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.icon_5_n))
.setContent(iMore));
}


@Override
public void onCheckedChanged(RadioGroup group, int checkedId) {
switch(checkedId){
case R.id.radio_button0:
this.tabhost.setCurrentTabByTag("iHome");
break;
case R.id.radio_button1:
this.tabhost.setCurrentTabByTag("iNews");
break;
case R.id.radio_button2:
this.tabhost.setCurrentTabByTag("iInfo");
break;
case R.id.radio_button3:
this.tabhost.setCurrentTabByTag("iSearch");
break;
case R.id.radio_button4:
this.tabhost.setCurrentTabByTag("iMore");
break;
}
}


}
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效果图

下载地址:

http://files.cnblogs.com/loulijun/SinaWeibo.zip

 

下面是几个参考:

农民伯伯:

http://www.cnblogs.com/over140/archive/2011/03/02/1968042.html

http://www.cnblogs.com/over140/archive/2010/08/30/1812290.html

kjsolo

http://www.cnblogs.com/soloho/archive/2012/03/17/2403232.html



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